We might finally know why the coronavirus spread is out of control again – BGR

  • The coronavirus spread seems to be out of control in certain regions, including several US states, Brazil, India, and other areas.
  • The last 1 million confirmed COVID-19 cases were diagnosed over the span of just eight days, compared to more than three months for the first million.
  • One reason why the coronavirus transmission is surging in various communities might have to do with a tiny mutation that makes the virus even more contagious than before.

The novel coronavirus needed just eight days to infect the most recent 1 million people, compared to more than three months for the first million recorded cases. More than 10.43 million COVID-19 infections were confirmed as of Tuesday morning, with the illness killing over 510,000 patients so far. While some countries were able to flatten their infection curves and return to some sense of normalcy, others are yet to contain the first wave. The US, Brazil, and India continue to report tens of thousands of new infections per day, with the world having reached a daily record on Sunday when 183,000 cases were recorded globally, according to new stats from the World Organization (WHO).

Testing has increased dramatically compared to the first few months of the pandemic, there’s no question about that. But the SARS-CoV-2 virus is highly infectious, especially in densely populated communities where people don’t practice social distancing and refuse to wear masks. Now, it turns out that the reason why the coronavirus spread is out of control in regions that don’t respect any safety measures might be a small mutation that may have made the virus more contagious.

This isn’t the first time we’ve heard about the D614G mutation, which was detailed in several COVID-19 studies in the past few months. But more researchers believe this mutation is mainly responsible for the emergence of a dominant version of SARS-CoV-2 that is more infectious than the original virus that came out of Wuhan late last year.

As The Washington Post explains, some 1,300 amino acids are part of the proteins on the surface of the virus. One of these amino acids mutated — number 614 — switching from “D” (aspartic acid) to “G” (glycine). This change alone, also known as the “G” mutation, might have made the virus more efficient at hooking up to ACE2 receptors and binding to cells in the human body.

The mutation affected the spike proteins, which are found at the exterior of the virus. These protruding structures are what allow the pathogen to hook up to healthy cells. Once that’s done, the RNA information in the virus is decoded, and the cells are hijacked to mass-produce large quantities of the virus. The replicas are released out of the dying cells, and the process is repeated over and over.

Of the nearly 50,000 virus genomes that were uploaded online, some 70% of them carry the G mutation, the Post reports. Four new studies indicate the variation makes the virus more infectious, but the work has not been peer-reviewed. A different study says patients infected with the G mutation have more virus in their bodies, so they’re more likely to spread it to others. If the G mutation gives the virus a better chance to hook up to cells, then the virus could multiply easier than the D version.

The good news is that the G mutation doesn’t make people sicker or more deadly. Also, the mutation doesn’t hinder vaccine work so far. It might just make the virus more contagious.

“The epidemiological study and our data together really explain why the [G variant’s] spread in Europe and the US was really fast,” Scripps Research virologist Hyeryun Choe said. “This is not accidental.”

The researcher explained that the original spike protein of the SARS-CoV-2 featured two parts that don’t always hold well together. The outer part frequently broke off in the original, which means the virus had a harder time infecting cells. Choe found that the G version of the virus featured more spike proteins, and the outer parts were less likely to break off. This change was enough to make the study 10 times more infectious in lab experiments.

A geneticist at the New York Genome Center and New York University was studying the genes that allow the virus to infiltrate human cells. But Neville Sanjana’s experiments failed when using a gene sequence from a Wuhan patient. Switching to the G mutation increased the virus’s capabilities to infect cells. “We were shocked,” Sanjana said. The team repeated the experiment on various types of cells, and every time the G mutation was many times more infectious.

While Choe thinks the spike protein is more stable because of the G mutation, the Sanjana team believes the mutation helps with the actual process of invading the human cell. Jeremy Luban from the University of Massachusetts Medical School has a third hypothesis. The G variation lets the spike protein change shape as it attaches to the ACE2 receptor, and that’s what allows it to fuse better with the membrane of the cell.

It was previously theorized that the D614G mutation is to blame for the virus’s increased infectivity, as researchers posted such studies back in April. But others disputed the findings, saying there may have been issues with the data collected. Reduced access to testing in America, as well as the fact that the G mutation came to the States from Europe, could have impacted the April research.

The increased number of studies of the D614G mutation could provide the answers officials and doctors need to continue to fight the pandemic. In case this tiny mutation is responsible for the increased contagiousness of the virus, then outbreaks might be even more challenging to control. Social distancing, face masks, and regular hand washing could still help reduce the risk of transmission and buy more time until more meds are available.

Chris Smith started writing about gadgets as a hobby, and before he knew it he was sharing his views on tech stuff with readers around the world. Whenever he’s not writing about gadgets he miserably fails to stay away from them, although he desperately tries. But that’s not necessarily a bad thing.


Experts compare face shield vs. face mask effectiveness – WLS-TV

There a lot of people who say they do not want to wear a face mask because they are too hot, and with summer here, it’s only going to get worse.

However, there is an alternative some are trying: The face shield. Is it a better option?

Like any debate, there are different answers to the question.

SEE ALSO: What face masks work best?

Face shields can prevent droplets from getting onto your face, they keep you from touching your face and they do not get as hot as face masks.

For those who wear glasses, face shields do not fog them up like a mask will.

But do they offer as much protection as a face mask?

Most mask orders in place require you to cover your nose and mouth with a cloth.

Some users claim face shields are just as good at keeping you safe as the cloth alternative.

“I think face shields are a great option. One great advantage this time of year is that they aren’t as hot as a face mask is,” Dr. Michael Edmond, Professor of Infectious Diseases at University of Iowa, said. “For most people, it feels easier to breathe when you have on a face shield. You don’t get the fogging that you get with a mask if you’re a person like me who wears glasses, and they’re easy to clean.”

Officials at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention were asked if shields are as good as masks.

SEE MORE: Masks off! Protesters claim face mask order unconstitutional

“I don’t think we have data yet that a shield is better or worse,” Dr. Anne Schucat with the CDC said. “We are recommending for the consumer, we are saying the cloth face mask is what we are recommending.”

CDC says cloth face masks are cheap, you can make them yourself, you do not have to buy them and they are easy to clean.

Doctors who treat COVID-19 patients have been seen wearing face shields, but they are in a high risk environment.

CDC officials say that’s not the same as what the general public will encounter.

RELATED: How to make face masks from materials found at home

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San Quentin Prison Was Free of the Virus. One Decision Fueled an Outbreak. – The New York Times

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Roughly 25% of New York City has probably been infected with coronavirus, Dr. Scott Gottlieb says – CNBC

About 25% of New York City-area residents have probably been infected with the coronavirus by now, former Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Dr. Scott Gottlieb told CNBC on Tuesday.

Researchers at the Mount Sinai System in New York City published a study Monday, which suggested that 19.3% of people in the city had already been exposed to the virus through April 19. 

Even if that many people have antibodies in New York City, the initial epicenter of the U.S. outbreak, the researchers noted that would still be well below the estimated 67% needed to achieve herd immunity — which is necessary to give the general public broad protection from the virus. The study has not yet been peer-reviewed nor accepted by an official medical journal for publication.

Based on their findings, the researchers concluded that about 0.7% of everyone infected with the virus in New York City died due to However, Gottlieb said the infection-fatality rate, which factors in asymptomatic patients who never develop symptoms, has likely risen since mid-April.

“If you probably took that out to now, you did a seroprevalence study now, you’d probably see that the infection-fatality rate’s a little higher because more people succumbed to the infection over the course of time from April to now,” he said on CNBC’s “Squawk Box.” “And you’d probably see that the seroprevalence is a little higher because more people have gotten infected, so my guess is probably around 25% of New York has now been infected with Covid.”

The infection-fatality rate is likely lower than the case-fatality rate, which looks at the percent of people who have symptoms and end up dying. Gottlieb said the case-fatality rate might be closer to 1.1% or 1.2%. 

The findings of the study are in line with what other researchers, including those for New York state who conducted their own seroprevalence study, have found, Gottlieb said, which helps bolster confidence in such studies. 

“We can start to believe that this probably represents an approximation of what the real result is,” he said.

The relationship between the presence of antibodies and immunity when it comes to the coronavirus remains unclear. The authors of the study noted that previous research into other coronaviruses has indicated that antibodies confer immunity. However, health officials, including Gottlieb and White House health advisor Dr. Anthony Fauci, have warned that the level and duration of immunity provided by antibodies is still unclear. 

The researchers said the antibody test used in the study has a sensitivity rate of 95%, meaning it picks up positive cases 95% of the time, and a specificity of 100%, meaning it accurately reflects negative cases 100% of the time. That means the tests could produce a false negative result, but not a false positive antibody test. All tests were analyzed in a research laboratory setting. The sample of patients used to determine the prevalence of the virus in the general population was composed of patients who presented at Mount Sinai for a regular medical procedure or check up, unrelated to 

The authors of the Mount Sinai study acknowledged some factors might have biased their sampling of the general population, but said “it nevertheless provides a window into the extent of seroprevalence in NYC.” The study was partially funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the Collaborative Influenza Vaccine Innovation Centers, the JPB foundation and other donors.

Since April, New York and the tri-state region have managed to significantly drive down their level of spread, which means the “seroprevalence would likely not change significantly unless new infections rise again or vaccines would become available,” the researchers said.

Disclosure: Scott Gottlieb is a CNBC contributor and is a member of the boards of Pfizer, genetic-testing start-up Tempus and biotech company Illumina.


36 states show rise in COVID-19 cases; some pausing on reopening – WJW FOX 8 News Cleveland

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Employees at four additional Brevard Publix locations test positive for COVID-19 – Florida Today


Coronavirus: Majority of patients don’t know source of infection – The Mercury News

More than half of people with COVID-19 have no idea how or where they got infected – underscoring the need for social distancing, more widespread use of masks and better contact tracing, especially at work.

That is the conclusion of a new survey by the Centers for Disease Control, released Tuesday, of 350 patients in nine states treated at 11 academic medical centers, including Stanford University and UC Los Angeles.

It found that 54% of patients were unaware of recent close contact with a COVID-19 patient.

Of patients who knew the source of their illness, 45% said they were likely infected by close contact with a sick family member, 34% by a work colleague and 10% by a friend.  Others said they were exposed in a health care setting, assisted living facility, correctional facility, or by a neighbor or client at work.

Until now, reports about sources of exposure to the COVID-19 virus have been focused on so-called congregate settings, such as meat and poultry processing plants and long-term care facilities. And these reports focused primarily on patients who were so sick that they required hospitalization.

This new survey, conducted by phone, is seen as a much more representative snapshot of the individual behaviors and demographic characteristics of a patients in the general population, both inpatient and outpatient.

Approximately two-thirds — 64% — of these patients were employed. Of these, only 17% worked remotely, through “telework.”

“The need for enhanced measures to ensure workplace safety, including ensuring social distancing and more widespread use of cloth face coverings, are warranted,” the CDC report concluded.

The new findings come at a time of surging infections in many states, including California, as counties begin reopening and testing is expanded.

While a bump in cases was expected, ”few expected it to be so fast and widespread,” said Dr. Robert Wachter, chairman of UC San Francisco’s Department of Medicine.

The CDC report is based on telephone surveys of a sample of patients with positive COVID-19 test results between April 15 and May 24 who were either hospitalized or received outpatient care. They were asked about exposure — defined as being within six feet of someone with a COVID-19 diagnosis — during the two weeks before their positive test result or illness.

The average age of outpatients was 42, while the average age of inpatients was 54. Inpatients were less likely to be white and more likely to have an annual household income of less than $25,000. Inpatients also had more underlying chronic conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease or diabetes.

About one-third of sick people seen as outpatients reported that their health had still not returned to normal two to three weeks after testing positive.

Patients described a broader range of symptoms than previously described, including not just shortness of breath, fever and cough — but also chest pain, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, fatigue and loss of smell or taste.

“The wide range of symptoms reported, and the lack of known COVID-19 contact in 54% of patients,” according to the report, “underscores the need for isolation of infected persons, contact tracing and testing during ongoing community transmission, and prevention measures including social distancing and use of cloth face coverings.”


A Doctor Confronts Medical Errors — And Flaws In The System That Create Mistakes – NPR

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Coronavirus: Cotton masks more protective than bandanas – Daily Mail

Cone-style well fitting masks and home-made coverings made from multiple fabric layers are the best designs for stopping the spread of coronavirus, study shows.

Researchers from Florida Atlantic University examined different materials and designs to find the best option for slowing the spread of virus carrying droplets.

These droplets are expelled when someone with COVID-19 coughs or sneezes and tests show loosely-folded masks and bandana-style coverings perform the worst.

According to researchers this is because those designs provide minimal stopping-capability for respiratory droplets which can spread up to 8ft if unobstructed. 

They found a simple bandana-style mask can stop droplets going more than 3ft but a homemade well-fitting cotton-fabric stitched mask stops droplets at 2.5 inches. 

The smallest respiratory droplets leak through a face mask constructed using a folded handkerchief in a bandana-style - spreading up to three feet from the wearer

The smallest respiratory droplets leak through a face mask constructed using a folded handkerchief in a bandana-style - spreading up to three feet from the wearer

The smallest respiratory droplets leak through a face mask constructed using a folded handkerchief in a bandana-style – spreading up to three feet from the wearer

With the stitched quilted cotton mask, droplets traveled 2.5 inches, considerably less than the 3ft of a bandana mask

The pathogen responsible for COVID-19 is mainly found in respiratory droplets expelled by infected individuals during coughing, sneezing, or even talking and breathing, the Florida team explained.

This explains governments’ rationale for recommending face coverings – to reduce the risk of cross-infection from infected to healthy individuals.


Without a mask droplets from a cough could go up to eight feet from the person coughing.

It gets worse for a sneeze when the virus infected droplets could reach 12 feet in just 50 seconds. 

However this is significantly reduced with the addition of a mask.

  • With a bandana-style covering, they traveled three feet seven inches
  • With a folded cotton handkerchief, they traveled 1 foot, 3 inches
  • Cough droplets travelled just 2.5 inches when covered by a stitched quilted cotton mask
  • With the cone-style mask, droplets traveled about eight inches


On June 15 the UK government made face coverings compulsory on public transport in England – other countries have gone further, requiring them when out in public.

Despite this, the authorities have not yet announced guidelines on the best varieties of mask to curtail the spread of COVID-19.

Study lead researcher, Dr Stella Batalama, at Florida Atlantic University said they wanted to discover the best options for reducing the spread of COVID-19. 

‘Our researchers have demonstrated how masks are able to significantly curtail the speed and range of the respiratory droplets and jets,’ said Batalama.

‘Moreover, they have uncovered how emulated coughs can travel noticeably farther than the currently recommended distancing guideline.’

The research team used a technique called ‘flow visualisation’ in a laboratory setting in which they used a mixture of distilled water and glycerin to generate a synthetic fog to mimic cough droplets.

They used a mannequin to simulate coughing and sneezing, before visualising droplets expelled from its mouth.

They tested a range of masks that are readily available to the general public, and which do not deplete medical-grade masks and breathing devices that are vital to healthcare workers.

This included a single-layer bandana-style covering, a homemade mask stitched using two layers of cotton quilting fabric and a non-sterile cone masks.

By placing these various masks on the mannequin, they were able to map out the paths of droplets and demonstrate how differently they perform.

Results showed that loosely folded face masks and bandana-style coverings provide minimal stopping-capability for the smallest respiratory droplets.

Whereas well-fitted homemade masks with multiple layers of quilting fabric, and off-the-shelf cone style masks, proved to be the most effective.

They were able to ‘significantly’ curtail the speed and range of the respiratory jets, albeit with some leakage through the mask itself and from small gaps on the edges.

Without a mask, droplets traveled more than eight feet, with a bandana, they traveled three feet seven inches, and with a folded cotton handkerchief, they traveled 1 foot, 3 inches.

Cough droplets travelled just 2.5 inches when covered by a stitched quilted cotton mask, and with the cone-style mask, droplets traveled about eight inches.

Study leader Dr Siddhartha Verma, an assistant professor at FAU, said they wanted to convey to the public the important of social distancing and face masks.  

‘Promoting widespread awareness of effective preventive measures is crucial at this time as we are observing significant spikes in cases of COVID-19 infections in many states, especially Florida,’ he said.

Importantly, uncovered simulated coughs were able to travel noticeably further than current distancing guidelines – between three and six feet.

When the mannequin was not fitted with a mask, they projected droplets up to 12 feet within approximately 50 seconds with droplets suspended in the air for up to three minutes.

The researchers said their observations suggest that current social-distancing guidelines may need to be increased rather than reduced.

With a folded cotton handkerchief, droplets traveled 1 foot, 3 inches, according to the team

With a folded cotton handkerchief, droplets traveled 1 foot, 3 inches, according to the team

With a folded cotton handkerchief, droplets traveled 1 foot, 3 inches, according to the team

In the UK Boris Johnson announced a new 1 metre plus rule, where two metres (or 6ft) was still required but could be dropped with the addition of protective equipment such as face masks and protective screens. 

Study author Professor Manhar Dhanak said: ‘We found that although the unobstructed turbulent jets were observed to travel up to 12 feet, a large majority of the ejected droplets fell to the ground by this point.

‘Importantly, both the number and concentration of the droplets will decrease with increasing distance, which is the fundamental rationale behind social-distancing.’

Apart from COVID-19, respiratory droplets also are the primary means of transmission for various other viral and bacterial illnesses.

With the cone-style mask, droplets traveled about 8 inches - the second best performing mask

With the cone-style mask, droplets traveled about 8 inches - the second best performing mask

With the cone-style mask, droplets traveled about 8 inches – the second best performing mask

This includes conditions such as the common cold, influenza, tuberculosis, SARS and MERS, according to the Florida researchers.

These pathogens are carried by respiratory droplets, which may land on healthy individuals and result in direct transmission.

When the pathogens land on objects they can lead to infection when a healthy individual comes in contact with them.

Dr Batalama, from FAU’s College of Engineering and Computer Science, said that the study findings evidence the need for key workers to set up simple experiments to test the quality of their PPE.

She added: ‘Their research outlines the procedure for setting up simple visualisation experiments using easily available materials, which may help healthcare professionals, medical researchers, and manufacturers in assessing the effectiveness of face masks and other personal protective equipment qualitatively.’

The findings have been published in the journal Physics of Fluids.


Disturbing pictures showing the importance of a face mask in delaying the spread of coronavirus have been shared on social media.

Dr Richard Davis, a clinical microbiologist, shared the grim images as a way of proving how vital masks were when you couldn’t socially distance.

He sneezed, coughed, talked and sang into agar cultures held near his face – these are jelly like substances from red algae in a petri dish.

The goal was to see how droplets of bacteria spread in the cultures from different types of expulsion from the human mouth and at different distances.  

Disturbing pictures showing the importance of a face mask in delaying the spread of coronavirus have been shared on social media

Disturbing pictures showing the importance of a face mask in delaying the spread of coronavirus have been shared on social media

Disturbing pictures showing the importance of a face mask in delaying the spread of coronavirus have been shared on social media

‘First, I sneezed, sang, talked & coughed toward an agar culture plate with or without a mask,’ he said, adding he then had to wait for the bacteria to grow.

When the bacteria colonies formed they began to show where droplets landed – a mask blocks virtually all of them, he said. 

The UK currently advises people to remain six feet apart when out in public, but this is relaxed to three feet plus from July 4 – focusing on the need for protective equipment if you can’t properly socially distance. 

He then set about demonstrating the importance of social distancing.

For the second demo he set open bacteria culture plates 2, 4 and 6 feet away and coughed (hard) for about 15s and repeated it without a mask. 

When the bacteria colonies formed they began to show where droplets landed - a mask blocks virtually all of them, he said.

When the bacteria colonies formed they began to show where droplets landed - a mask blocks virtually all of them, he said.

When the bacteria colonies formed they began to show where droplets landed – a mask blocks virtually all of them, he said.

‘Droplets mostly landed under 6 ft away, but a mask blocked nearly all of them,’ said Davis.

He said this isn’t typically how you model the spread of the coronavirus but is a way to show the effectiveness of facial coverings in slowing the spread. 

Colonies of normal bacteria from his mouth and throat showed the spread of large respiratory droplets, like the kind scientists think mostly spread COVID-19, and ‘how a mask can block them,’ Davis said.

‘Masks as a political/social litmus test or used to shame those who won’t (or disabled folks who truly can’t!) wear them is a travesty,’ he tweeted.

‘We wash hands after using the bathroom & wipe noses on tissues. Masks/face shields need to be just another normalized act of hygiene.’


Coronavirus updates: 28 members of a California family all infected, father dead – SF Gate

LATEST June 30, 1:30 p.m. San Francisco Mayor London Breed is appealing to San Franciscans to stay home for the Fourth of July to help curb the spread of coronavirus.

“The Fourth of July is normally a time to gather and celebrate with family, friends and neighbors. Unfortunately these are not normal times, and these types of gatherings are the environments in which COVID-19 spread,” said Mayor Breed in a press release. “It is critical that all of us continue to follow the Orders designed to protect our safety. Please think carefully and act responsibly this weekend.”

On Monday, official fireworks shows across the Bay Area were canceled to discourage large gatherings of spectators.

June 30, 1:00 p.m. In its Budget and Fiscal Update for FY 2021-2022, the SFMTA outlined survey results regarding how ridership might change in the near and long-term future for public transit. The agency expects to see a baseline 20% ridership drop going forward, attributed to a rise in permanent remote work prompted by the coronavirus pandemic.

The update also outlined survey results compiled from 25,000 adults. Researchers found that 20% of respondents who used buses and public transit regularly before the outbreak said they now now longer would, and 28% said they would use these services less often. Additionally, more than 50% of respondents said they “would either use these less or stop using [rideshare options] completely.”

As a result, the SFMTA is planning accordingly. “Do not expect to return to the transit system you were used to before,” the budget update notes. “We will continue to transform transit and move Muni Forward.”

June 30, 12:30 p.m. California Gov. Gavin Newsom said Tuesday the state has procured 15,679 hotel and motel rooms as part of an initiative to house people living on the street during the coronavirus pandemic.

Project Roomkey launched in April as the first of its type in the country and as of today 85% of those rooms are in use and 14,200 have been housed, the governor said.

Newsom explained the program provides, “a room, a key, a lock” for people living in their cars, in shelters, in encampments, or on the street.

The governor said he signed the state’s budget on Monday and it includes an additional $1.3 billion for cities and counties to support homeless programs such as Project Roomkey. The funding will also help support a new program called Project Home Key that will allow the state to not only lease but acquire longterm housing for people on the streets.

June 30, 12:20 p.m. Rent is due tomorrow and some San Francisco landlords don’t want the new COVID-19 Tenant Protections Ordinance to stop them from collecting it.

On Monday, four landlord and realtor groups filed a lawsuit against the city to obtain a temporary restraining order that would suspend the law immediately, according to KQED.

The ordinance was signed by Mayor London Breed last Friday, permanently prohibiting a residential landlord from pursuing an eviction for nonpayment of rent due to COVID-19 from April through July.

Read more from SFGATE Editor Tessa McLean.

June 30, 12:10 p.m. The U.S. is “going in the wrong direction” with the coronavirus surging badly enough that Dr. Anthony Fauci told senators Tuesday some regions are putting the entire country at risk — just as schools and colleges are wrestling with how to safely reopen.

With about 40,000 new cases being reported a day, Fauci, the government’s top infectious disease expert, said he “would not be surprised if we go up to 100,000 a day if this does not turn around.”

“I am very concerned,” he told a hearing of the Senate, Education, Labor and Pensions committee.

Infections are rising rapidly mostly in parts of the West and South, and Fauci and other public health experts said Americans everywhere will have to start following key recommendations if they want to get back to more normal activities like going to school.

“We’ve got to get the message out that we are all in this together,” by wearing masks in public and keeping out of crowds, said Fauci, infectious disease chief at the National Institutes of

The Associated Press contributed to this report. Read more here.

June 30, 11:50 a.m. An NPR report Tuesday outlines two methods for fighting COVID-19.

One is the mitigation method, which consists of testing symptomatic people and employing contact tracing and isolation with a target of a positive test rate of under 10%. The other is the suppression method, which involves testing asymptomatic people in high-risk environments, contact tracing and isolation with a targeted test rate of under 3%.

Currently, 32 states, including California, have not achieved mitigation or suppression. California would need to conduct 824,901 daily tests, or 2,088 per 100,000 people, but is currently averaging 92,858 tests per day, or 235 per 100,000 people.

Read more at NPR.

June 30, 11:30 a.m. San Quentin Prison, which now has over 1,000 cases of the coronavirus, has relocated infected prisoners to air-conditioned triage tents outside to keep them away from uninfected prisoners. Some who are critically ill have been taken to local hospitals, KTVU reports.

The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation is facing criticism for not responding to the outbreak fast enough. Last month, there were zero cases at the prison. By Tuesday morning, there were 1,080 cases in prisoners and 102 in employees. The outbreak is believed to have begun when 100 inmates were transferred from a prison in Southern California to San Quentin.

The CDCR is hoping to mitigate the spread by releasing up to 3,500 more non-violent inmates who have six months or fewer remaining on their sentence.

June 30, 10:05 a.m. The Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors and Public Department held a joint meeting Monday with the San Jose City Council to preview the county’s new reopening plan that will be released later this week.

Santa Clara County Officer Dr. Sara Cody discussed the transition from a sector-to-sector reopening plan to a risk-aversion plan.

“In this new phase we hope to create a framework that people will be able to live within for a long time to offer clarities on how to stay as safe as possible while doing the things we all need to do, and to create more certainty about the path ahead,” Cody said.

The new plan will include across-the-board guidelines for all open businesses, with some more restrictive guidelines for higher-risk activities that will be applicable for the long-term. This also means that some businesses will be deemed too high-risk to open up for the time being.

Bay City News contributed to this story.

June 30, 9:30 a.m. The mayors of the Bay Area coastal towns of Pacifica and Half Moon Bay told KPIX they want out-of-towners to stay home on the Fourth of July.

“Let’s start off with the fact that we are a tourist town, and that we totally embrace tourists coming to Half Moon Bay,” Mayor Adam Eisen told KPIX. “I get the allure of the beach, but you know, then you want to flip it and say, ‘I’ve got people in the community, constituents that are literally fearful of their lives, as we’ve seen droves of people come at an unprecedented level.’”

“As people are parking in neighborhoods there are elderly people, in particular, that are very fearful to even walk out of their house,” Pacifica Mayor Deirdre Martin chimed in.

June 30, 9:10 a.m. California announced a record number of new COVID-19 cases Monday, reporting nearly 8,100 new infections. Cases are surging and an LA Times analysis predict cases in June will be roughly double those in May.

Gov. Gavin Newsom noted the number of cases has increased 45% in seven days and the state’s positivity rate — the number of people who have tested positive divided by the total number of tests administered — has gone from 4.4% to 5.5% in two weeks. (Read more from Newsom’s Monday press briefing on SFGATE).

Newsom said “5.5% is of concern. It’s not where some other states that are generating headlines are. They’re substantially higher, but we don’t like the trend line, and that’s why, again, this mandatory mask requirement is in effect, and that’s why, unfortunately, we’re using this dimmer switch to start to pull back on the stay-at-home order.”

June 30, 7:15 a.m. A 27-year-old Southern California man is sharing his family’s experience with coronavirus to encourage people to practice social distancing.

Richard Garay told KTLA he was the first in his family to contract COVID-19 and now 27 other members have tested positive. Garay’s 60-year-old father died of the virus the day before Father’s Day.

“It was painful to watch my dad’s health decline so drastically in front of me,” Garay told KTLA. “My father is my best friend.

“I don’t want my father’s death to be in vain,” he said. “I want people to understand coronavirus is a real thing.” in the greater Bay Area: Links you need


Alameda County: Find the latest COVID-19 numbers and health order.

Contra Costa County: Find the latest COVID-19 numbers and health order.

Lake County: Find the latest COVID-19 numbers and health order.

Marin County: Find the latest COVID-19 numbers and health order.

Monterey County: Find the latest COVID-19 numbers and health order.

Napa County: Find the latest COVID-19 numbers and health order.

San Benito County: Find the latest COVID-19 numbers and health order.

San Francisco County: Find the latest COVID-19 numbers and health order.

San Mateo County: Find the latest COVID-19 numbers and health order.

Santa Clara County: Find the latest COVID-19 numbers and health order.

Santa Cruz County: Find the latest COVID-19 numbers and health order.

Solano County: Find the latest COVID-19 numbers and health order.

Sonoma County: Find the latest COVID-19 numbers and health order.


Here are answers to your most frequently asked questions about coronavirus

Forget a return to normal: How experts see COVID-19 unfolding this summer 

Newsom: 72% of California population now on watch list


4 Bay Area counties pause reopening. Here’s where all 9 stand.

Will Bay Area schools reopen in-class this fall?

Spike in coronavirus comes with economic reopening in California