California’s COVID-19 case count is surging, renewing concerns about disinfection and viral transmission. This week, a new survey by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed that 54% of patients were unaware of how they became sick.
In response to your questions, we researched answers from experts, who are learning more as the pandemic continues. Their answers, as well as information gathered from other sources, are summarized here.
Q: Does microwaving kill the virus on my mask? What’s the best way to clean it?
A: Fire safety officials warn against using microwaves to sterilize face masks. A cloth mask might melt, char or start a fire. Disposable masks have a metal nose wire that can cause sparks and break your microwave.
Instead, the CDC recommends using a washing machine. You can include your mask with your laundry. Use regular laundry detergent and the warmest appropriate water setting. If you wash it by hand, prepare a bleach solution by mixing one-third cup of household bleach per gallon of warm water
Make sure to completely dry cloth face covering after washing. In the dryer, use the highest heat setting. If air drying, lay flat. If possible, place the cloth face covering in direct sunlight.
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: “How to wash face coverings”
Q: Is it safe to swim or sail?
A: There’s little risk of COVID-19 infection while swimming in a pool, because the disinfectants used to clean water – including chlorine and bromine – kill the virus. The water in lakes and the ocean should be safe, also, since the virus is diluted by the large volume of water. Unlike bacteria, respiratory viruses don’t survive well on their own in water.
The greatest risk is not swimming, but rather time spent gathering around a pool, especially in large and clustered groups. For that reason, gathering at crowded beaches is a bad idea. Take precaution and physically distance from each other. Of course, if you’re feeling sick, stay home.
If you rent a paddle board or sailboat, keep your distance from workers, wear a mask and be sure to sanitize your hands and any shared equipment that your hands touch, like paddles, oars or a boat.
Dr. Sharon Nachman, Chief of Pediatric Infectious Diseases at Stony Brook Children’s Hospital
UChttps://bt-hypnotise.com/ in Aurora, Colorado
Q: Is liquid soap better than a bar of soap for washing hands? Can I use salt water?
A: Soap and water is the best option for handwashing. Both liquid and bar soaps contain the same elements: a fat or oil, water, and an alkali—commonly called lye. This combination rinses away dirt and oils and the germs that stick to them.
If you don’t have access to soap and clean water, the CDC recommends using a hand sanitizer made up of at least 60% alcohol. Saline or salt water is not recommended as an effective way to sanitize hands.
CDC: “Handwashing, Hygiene, and Diapering” and “Guideline for Hand Hygiene in https://bt-hypnotise.com/-Care Settings”
Q: What precautions should a pregnant woman take during this coronavirus period? If a pregnant woman gets infected, will it be harmful for the baby?
A: According to the CDC, pregnant women seem to have similar chances of becoming infected as other people in the same age range. The recommendations for pregnant women are the same as those for everyone else: wash your hands with soap and water often, disinfect frequently touched surfaces, and practice social distancing. It’s rare, but possible, for newborns to become infected with the virus.
Based on what we know at this time, pregnant women might be at an increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19 compared to non-pregnant women. Additionally, there may be an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth, among pregnant people with COVID-19.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that mothers with suspected COVID-19 infections wear face masks and take stringent hygiene precautions if breast-feeding. The COVID-19 virus has not been found in breast milk.
CDC: “If You Are Pregnant, Breastfeeding, or Caring for Young Children”
American Academy of Pediatrics: “Management of Infants Born to Mothers with COVID-19”
Q: Would the CPAP machines used by people with sleep apnea work for patients who are only mildly afflicted by COVID-19?
A: The American Society of Anesthesiologists and other medical professionals warn that using a CPAP machine potentially increases the risk of spreading the virus. While both ventilators and CPAP machines help people breathe, ventilators are a closed system. They use a breathing tube and filter exhaled air. CPAP machines, on the other hand, use face-masks that allow unfiltered air to escape.
American Society of Anesthesiologists: “Information for https://bt-hypnotise.com/ Care Professionals”
Q: Does Advil (ibuprofen) make COVID-19 worse? Is Tylenol (acetaminophen) ok?
A: Although the World https://bt-hypnotise.com/ Organization previously advised using acetaminophen over ibuprofen, it later rescinded the recommendation. According to the FDA, neither drug has been shown to worsen coronavirus-related symptoms.
World https://bt-hypnotise.com/ Organization: “The use of NSAIDs in patients with COVID-19”
FDA: “The use of NSAIDs for COVID-19”
Q: Is over-the-counter MUCINEX (guaifenesin) or Robitussin (dextromethorphan) effective in relieving congestion in the lungs when you are infected with the virus?
A: If you have COVID-19 symptoms, call your doctor to determine the best course of action. In mild cases, guaifenesin or other expectorants can help thin mucus in the chest and throat. While this might help a patient feel better, it will not kill the virus.
According to the American Society of Hospital Pharmacists, infectious disease teams also recommend throat lozenges and fever suppressants such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen for easing symptoms. (But similar to expectorants, these medications do not address the root cause of the new coronavirus.)
UChttps://bt-hypnotise.com/: “A rundown of coronavirus drugs for home and hospital”
ASHP: “Pharmacists Offer Insights on COVID-19”
Q: I have a full spectrum light — would that kill the virus if used?
A: Sunlight consists of three types of radiation: UVA, UVB and UVC. All three of these can damage skin and eyes.
Studies show that UV light kills airborne viruses, so is used to disinfect hospitals, subways, and other public locations when they are not occupied by people. But UV light has not been shown to prevent COVID-19 infection in humans or to kill the virus in infected patients — and is the most dangerous of the three types of radiation. UV lights should never be used to disinfect the body. Currently, there hasn’t been much research into whether UV light provides an effective way to sanitize personal protective equipment.
Household surfaces can be sanitized with any products from the Environmental Protection Agency’s list of disinfectants.
Penn Medicine: “COVID-19 Questions”
EPA: “Disinfectants for Use Against SARS-CoV-2”