Baby girl born in Texas with coronavirus strongest evidence yet it can be caught in the womb – Daily Mail

A baby born with the coronavirus has provided the ‘strongest evidence yet’ that the infection can be caught in the womb, doctors claim.

The unnamed girl, from Texas, was wheeled into intensive care as soon as she was born because her mother had been diagnosed with

She tested positive for the coronavirus the day after birth, having suffered breathing problems and a fever — two tell-tale signs of the disease.  

When scientists analysed her placenta, they found inflammation and traces of the coronavirus.

This proves that the baby caught the virus while in the womb rather than after she had been born, the team claimed.

Last week Italian experts also found ‘strong evidence’ of transmission in the womb because the virus was discovered in umbilical cord blood and the placenta.

Until now, scientists have said the transmission of the virus through the placenta ‘can not be ruled out’ after reports of newborns being born with  

A baby born with the coronavirus is the 'strongest evidence yet' that it can be transmitted in the womb, doctors say (stock)

A baby born with the coronavirus is the 'strongest evidence yet' that it can be transmitted in the womb, doctors say (stock)

A baby born with the coronavirus is the ‘strongest evidence yet’ that it can be transmitted in the womb, doctors say (stock)

Since the pandemic began, doctors have wondered whether babies can catch the infection during pregnancy and are conducting research on the few cases they can find.

HIV, Zika and some other viruses can infect a foetus this way, and so scientists say it is possible — which has killed more than half a million people globally — also could.

Several early reports from China suggested this, although doctors say it is difficult to find whether the baby just picked the virus up during birth or in the hospital.


Babies may be at risk of catching the coronavirus from their mother during pregnancy, scientists have previously warned, but there is no clear proof.

In April, Chinese doctors published the case reports of four newborns who tested positive for the infection within a few days of a Caesarean delivery.

Three had been isolated as soon as they were born because their mothers had been diagnosed before birth. The fourth mother and baby tested positive a fortnight later.

The researchers said they ‘couldn’t rule out’ that the babies had picked up the virus while still in the womb via the placenta – however, there was no direct evidence of this.

It’s possible the babies contracted the killer virus from the hospital, but the odds were ‘low’ due to special infection control measures in place at the time, the scientists said.

Researchers from Italy said on July 9 that they had found signs of the virus in several samples of umbilical cord blood, the placenta and, in one case, breast milk when studying 31 women with who delivered babies in March and April. 

In one case, ‘there’s strong evidence suggesting that the newborn was born already positive because we found the virus in the umbilical cord blood and in the placenta,’ said study leader, Dr Claudio Fenizia, an immunology specialist at the University of Milan.

In any case, the possibility of fetal infection seems relatively rare, he said. Two of the babies in the study had tested positive for

The Royal College of OG says: ‘Emerging evidence suggests that transmission from mother to baby during pregnancy or birth (vertical transmission) is probable.’

This is when a disease passes from mother to baby during the period immediately before and after birth, for example across the placenta, in the breast milk, or through direct contact.

The college emphasised that in all reported cases of newborn babies developing coronavirus very soon after birth, the baby was fine.

And there is no evidence right now to suggest an increased risk of miscarriage.  

Some babies born to women with symptoms of coronavirus have been born prematurely. It is unclear whether coronavirus caused this or the doctors made the decision for the baby to be born early because the woman was unwell.  

Dr Amanda Evans was one of the authors of the latest case study at The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, published in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.

She said: ‘Numerous infants have now been delivered to pregnant women diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2, with the majority of these infants without respiratory illness or positive molecular evidence for SARS-CoV-2. 

‘Our study is the first to document intrauterine transmission of the infection during pregnancy, based on immunohistochemical and ultrastructural evidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection in the fetal cells of the placenta.’ 

The baby — who wasn’t identified — was born three weeks premature, at 34 weeks gestation, because her mother had premature rupture of membranes (PROM), when the membranes of the sac break before labour.

Up to 40 per cent of pre-term births are due to PROM, a condition sometimes caused by an infection. It is unclear if it was triggered by the coronavirus.

The baby was also large for her age, a complication of her mother’s diabetes during pregnancy.

At first she appeared healthy — other than being premature, when she was taken to the neonatal intensive care unit.

But doctors were aware she could have been exposed to the coronavirus, which is scientifically called SARS-CoV-2, via her mother. 

On the day after she was born, medics discovered her vitals had changed. She had mild difficulties breathing as well as a fever. 

The doctors said it was unlikely that the respiratory distress was due to the fact she had been born premature, considering it did not start for 24 hours. 

She tested positive for the coronavirus and was treated with supplemental oxygen for several days but did not need mechanical ventilation. tests remained positive for up to 14 days. At 21 days, the mother and infant were sent home in good condition. 

The researchers examined the placenta, which showed signs of tissue inflammation. They also found the specific coronavirus proteins in the cells of the placenta.

Together, these findings ‘strongly suggest’ that the infection was transmitted in the womb, rather than during or after birth, doctors said. 

This is medically called ‘utero transmission’, and experts have said the passing of the coronavirus this was was probable for some time.

‘We wanted to be very careful of our interpretation of this data, but now is an even more important time for pregnant women to protect themselves from,’ Dr Evans said.  

The report, led by Dr Julide Sisman, detailed two other cases of ‘vertical transmission’ of the coronavirus, which is when it would pass immediately before or after birth and not in the womb

The authors said it is difficult to determine at which point a baby with the coronavirus picked it up.

The new case report is the ‘strongest evidence to date’ that uterine transmission is possible, the press release from journal publishers Wolters Kluwer said.

It follows a small study in Italy which also found pregnant woman infected with the coronavirus may be able to spread it to unborn babies.

Researchers studied 31 women with, who gave birth between March and April. Two babies tested positive for the virus.

They found signs of the coronavirus in several samples of umbilical cord blood, the placenta and, in one case, breast milk.

In one case, ‘there’s strong evidence suggesting that the newborn was born already positive because we found the virus in the umbilical cord blood and in the placenta,’ said study leader, Dr Claudio Fenizia, an immunology specialist at the University of Milan.

However, he said women shouldn’t panic because the virus detected in the placenta and other areas isn’t necessarily viable – in other words ‘catching’.

‘It’s too early to make guidelines,’ Dr Fenizia said at an online medical conference, according to the news agency AP.


Coronavirus updates: Doctor compares Miami to Wuhan as epicenter of COVID-19 pandemic – ABC News

The novel coronavirus pandemic has now killed more than 573,000 people worldwide.

Over 13 million people across the globe have been diagnosed with COVID-19, the disease caused by the new respiratory virus, according to data compiled by the Center for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University. The actual numbers are believed to be much higher due to testing shortages, many unreported cases and suspicions that some governments are hiding or downplaying the scope of their nations’ outbreaks.

The United States has become the worst-affected country, with more than 3.3 million diagnosed cases and at least 135,615 deaths.

Latest headlines:

  • Russia lifts two-week quarantine for arriving foreigners
  • Hawaii delays reopening to tourists until September 1
  • Here is how the news is developing today. All times Eastern. Check back for updates.

    9 a.m.: New Jersey governor: ‘We’ve lived through hell’

    New Jersey Gov. Phil Murphy is “very concerned” about surges in other states because “we’ve lived through hell,” he told ABC News’ “Good Morning America” on Tuesday.

    “We’ve lost over 13,000 confirmed fatalities to COVID-19 in our state. Over 15,000 if you include probable deaths,” he said. “We don’t want to have to go through that again.”

    New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo said Monday he was issuing an order requiring out-of-state travelers from states with rising coronavirus cases to give local authorities their contact information when they arrive. Cuomo said this would help enforce the mandatory quarantine for people traveling to New York from high coronavirus states.

    When asked if New Jersey is considering a similar order, Murphy told “GMA,” “we’ll do it our own way, but were deadly serious about this.”

    “We knew when we opened our state up we’d take on more risk of transmission of the virus, but there’s an added element from folks who are coming in from out of state, from hot spots, and we’ll take that very seriously,” he said.

    New York, New Jersey and Connecticut have a travel advisory in place for states with a positive test rate higher than 10 per 100,000 residents over a week average, or any state with 10% of higher positivity rate over a week average. Travelers arriving in the tri-state area from those states must quarantine for two weeks.

    Last week, Delaware, Kansas and Oklahoma were added to the travel list, joining Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina , Nevada, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas and Utah.

    4:22 a.m.: Russia lifts 2-week quarantine for arriving foreigners

    A 14-day quarantine will no longer be required for anyone arriving to Russia, according to a decree signed by the country’s chief sanitary doctor on Monday.

    Starting from Wednesday, people entering Russia will need to provide a document — in English or Russian — that they have tested negative for the coronavirus in the past 72 hours.

    Alternatively, they can test in Russia and provide the document within three days. This news followed last week’s announcement that Russia is looking to resume international air travel in mid-July.

    Russia confirmed 6,248 new coronavirus infections on Tuesday bringing the country’s official number of cases to 739,947.

    Over the past 24 hours, 175 people have died bringing the total death toll to 11,614.

    A total of 8,804 people recovered over the last 24 hours bringing the overall number of recoveries to 512,825.

    What to know about coronavirus:

  • How it started and how to protect yourself: explained
  • What to do if you have symptoms: symptoms
  • Tracking the spread in the U.S. and worldwide: map
  • 3:17 a.m.: University of Miami infectious disease doctor: ‘Miami is now the epicenter for the virus’

    A group of Miami-area medical experts joined Miami-Dade County Mayor Carlos Gimenez on a Zoom news conference Monday and made clear that South Florida is in a dire position when it comes to the spread of COVID-19.

    “Miami is now the epicenter for the virus,” said Lilian M. Abbo, M.D., an infectious diseases specialist at the University of Miami System and the chief of infection prevention for Jackson System. “What we were seeing in Wuhan [China] five months ago, we’re now seeing here.”

    The experts were speaking minutes after Florida announced 12,624 new cases of COVID-19 — a day after Florida set a daily record for any state with 15,300 new cases.

    The experts stressed the need to restrict large gatherings of people in indoor spaces, and Gimenez said the biggest thing that needs to be done is residents following the safety guidelines.

    “The reason [for the spike] is us. There’s no Boogeyman. The reason is us,” he said. “We have to change our behavior. The no. 1 reason is our behavior.”

    1:59 a.m.: Hawaii delays reopening to tourists until Sept. 1

    Hawaii Gov. David Ige announced that, in light of the surge of cases on the mainland, Hawaii is delaying its reopening to tourists until Sept. 1.

    The plan was to allow tourists who have tested negative for COVID-19 within 72 hours of their trip to Hawaii to bypass that mandatory two-week self quarantine starting in August. But with the increase of cases in the state and the growing number of cases nationwide, officials decided to delay it by a month.

    “I am announcing today that we will be delaying the launch of the pre-travel testing program until September 1,” said Ige during the press conference. “The outbreaks on the mainland are not in control and we don’t believe that situation will change significantly by Aug. 1st”.

    Said Ige: “We did believe it would be in the best interest of everyone here in the state of Hawaii to delay the start of the program to Sept. 1. I know this increases the burden of businesses here in Hawaii …we still believe in the pre-testing program and we will take actions to implement it safely.”

    ABC News’ Marilyn Heck, Alina Lobzina and Alexandra Faul contributed to this report.


    Hawaii State Department of Health traces 44 COVID-19 cases to a single person – KITV Honolulu

    “I don’t think anyone would purposefully expose anyone else to COVID-19, often individuals are asymptomatic and don’t know that they’re infected. This is a classic situation in which I think emphasizes treating everyone around you as though they were infected,” Dr. Bruce Anderson, Director of the Department of, said.


    Immunity to Coronavirus May Not Last More than a Couple Months: Study – Newsweek

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    Squirrel tests positive for the bubonic plague in Colorado – ABC News

    Symptoms of plague include sudden high fever, chills, headache, and nausea.

    Public health officials have announced that a squirrel in Colorado has tested positive for the bubonic plague.

    The town of Morrison, Colorado, in Jefferson County, which is just west of Denver, made the startling announcement saying that the squirrel is the first case of plague in the county.

    “Plague is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis, and can be contracted by humans and household animals if proper precautions are not taken,” officials from Jefferson County Public (JCPH) said in a statement released to the public.

    It is possible for humans to be infected with the bubonic plague through bites from infected fleas and by direct contact with blood or tissues of infected animals such as a cough or a bite.

    Jefferson County Public said that cats are highly susceptible to the plague from things like flea bites, a rodent scratch or bite, and ingesting an infected rodent. Cats can die if not treated quickly with antibiotics after contact with the plague.

    Officials also said that dogs are not as susceptible to the plague as cats are but still may pick up and carry plague-infected rodent fleas. Any pet owner who suspects that their pet is ill should contact a veterinarian immediately.

    “Symptoms of plague may include sudden onset of high fever, chills, headache, nausea and extreme pain and swelling of lymph nodes, occurring within two to seven days after exposure. Plague can be effectively treated with antibiotics when diagnosed early. Anyone experiencing these symptoms should consult a physician,” said JCPH.

    Risk for contracting the bubonic plague is extremely low as long as the proper precautions are taken and JCPH published a list of them including eliminating all sources of food, shelter and access for wild animals around the home, not feeding wild animals, maintaining a litter and trash-free yard to reduce wild animal habitats, having people and pets should avoid all contact with sick or dead wild animals and rodents, using precaution when handling sick pets and having them examined by a veterinarian, consulting with a veterinarian about flea and tick control for pets and keeping pets from roaming freely outside the home where they may prey on wild animals and bring the disease home with them.

    “All pet owners who live close to wild animal populations, such as prairie dog colonies or other known wildlife habitats, should consult their veterinarian about flea control for their pets to help prevent the transfer of fleas to humans,” JCPH said.

    According to the CDC, even though there is no vaccine for the plague, it can be treated successfully with antibiotics if caught within 24 hours of exhibiting symptoms.

    “Arguably the most infamous plague outbreak was the so-called Black Death, a multi-century pandemic that swept through Asia and Europe,” according to National Geographic. “It was believed to start in China in 1334, spreading along trade routes and reaching Europe via Sicilian ports in the late 1340s. The plague killed an estimated 25 million people, almost a third of the continent’s population. The Black Death lingered on for centuries, particularly in cities. Outbreaks included the Great Plague of London (1665-66), in which 70,000 residents died.”

    However, the CDC says that there is now only an average of seven human plague cases per year and the WHO says the mortality rate is estimated to be between 8-10%.

    National Geographic is owned by Walt Disney, the parent company of ABC News.


    This Southeast Texas zip code saw a 1,629% increase in COVID-19 cases from May to July – KBMT-KJAC

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    After wave of younger COVID patients, older patients return to Miami’s public hospitals – Miami Herald

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    Vaccine makers’ no profit pledge stirs doubts in Congress – POLITICO

    In the years before the pandemic, pharmaceutical companies had been abandoning vaccine development. It requires hefty expenses in research, testing and manufacturing, and the market can be limited.

    For, however, the vaccine market spans the globe and much of the manufacturing and development costs are government-subsidized.

    Operation Warp Speed last week invested $1.6 billion in a vaccine candidate from Novavax. It said the U.S. “will own the 100 million doses of investigational vaccine” produced by the research. The Department of and Human Services also made clear that if the vaccine proves safe and effective, those 100 million doses would be provided “at no cost” to Americans.

    That’s the first, and so far only, guarantee made on pricing and doses by the government — even though it’s the sixth vaccine to receive U.S. funds.

    Rep. Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn.), chair of the House Appropriations health subcommittee, said she expects that “Congress will need to provide further supplemental appropriations to purchase hundreds of millions of doses of vaccine once it has been developed.” House appropriators are communicating with HHS to determine how many doses are guaranteed under current contracts with vaccine manufacturers, she added.

    An HHS spokesperson offered some reassurance on eventual costs, saying “one of the considerations in the dose price is any federal funding that was provided to develop the vaccine.” And she noted, as seen with Novavax, that “when the federal government pays for all of the development and manufacturing of a product, the federal government owns the doses manufactured with tax dollars.”

    But she said that the money BARDA invested earlier in jump-starting vaccine manufacturing capacity didn’t include a purchase of doses.

    AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson, which together have received more than $1.5 billion from the U.S. government, said last month that they would develop their respective vaccine candidates on a nonprofit basis during the pandemic.

    “Just like everyone else, we’ll do it at no profit,” AstraZeneca CEO Pascal Soriot said. “This is what a successful, healthy pharmaceutical industry can do.”

    But the companies’ caveat that the vaccines would be offered at no profit “during the pandemic” potentially sets up a scenario where if the outbreak is declared over, the companies could charge more — even if people need boosters or annual shots to keep the virus at bay.

    When contacted by POLITICO, neither company was willing to offer further details on what they mean specifically by “no profit.” That lack of detail leaves many wondering what, if anything, to expect, especially given Pfizer’s stance.

    Pfizer initially said in an industry media briefing in late May that its vaccine’s price would be aligned with Johnson & Johnson and AstraZeneca. Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla said financial returns were not driving the vaccine work.

    But then Bourla told a Goldman Sachs conference in June that the vaccine would be priced in line with shots on the market for other conditions. Later that month, he said at a Milken Institute event that it would be manufactured and produced on a for-profit basis.

    Pfizer’s existing vaccines have brought in more than $20 billion since 2015.

    The general lack of transparency about the U.S. government’s initial contracts with vaccine developers means even Congress doesn’t know if doses of those vaccines are assured. Nor do lawmakers know what the companies’ nonprofit pledges mean, one senior Hill staffer noted. That matters as the government will be a major purchaser.

    Sen. Maggie Hassan (D-N.H.) emailed POLITICO that the administration has been “conspicuously silent about the actual terms of these agreements and at what price the federal government would secure doses.”

    Even if vaccines are developed on a nonprofit basis, that doesn’t mean there aren’t any costs. In fact, costs could be shifted onto insurance premiums or higher deductibles, hitting consumers indirectly.

    Advocates who have been pushing for lower drug prices worry that the nonprofit promises ring hollow because of the billions of taxpayer dollars that have gone into the vaccine projects and the lack of transparency on what developers are spending on their research, development and manufacturing operations.

    David Mitchell, a cancer patient who founded and leads the nonprofit Patients For Affordable Drugs, called the nonprofit pledge “part of the charm offensive to rescue us from the coronavirus, but billions are going from taxpayers to these companies.” He predicted U.S. taxpayers will be forced to buy back the doses that prove effective.

    Kate Elder, vaccines policy adviser at Doctors Without Borders, echoed Mitchell’s concerns, noting that what the U.S. gets on the back end from vaccines developed under these BARDA transactions may have no relation to what’s paid upfront. She also said the deals between BARDA and the vaccine developers are confidential, so “no one knows if certain vaccine prices are baked into them.”

    Peter Maybarduk, director of the consumer advocacy nonprofit Public Citizen, similarly questioned the pledges: “What is a nonprofit price when the investment is covered by taxpayers and the invention is based on public funds?”

    The nongovernmental organization Knowledge Ecology International obtained redacted versions of some of the BARDA vaccine contracts in early July. In a version of the J&J contract, at least, the government has limited its ability to intervene even if a vaccine developer charges an unreasonable price.

    How the government could step in if a vaccine was overpriced is unclear. At a recent Senate hearing, NIH Director Francis Collins was questioned on the KEI documents, but he said the Bayh-Dole Act is not intended to address unacceptable prices. That 1980 law does include a provision that lets the government break a patent and bring cheaper alternatives to market if it has significantly invested in a drug’s development. But the provision has never been used.


    Two employees at Bay Area Hospital test positive for COVID-19 – 11

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    State leaders address recent spike in COVID-19 cases – KTVA

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